The city is set on the hill plain near Köprüçay (Ancient Eurymedon), one of the largest rivers in the region. Today, theaters and waterways are mostly visited in Aspendos, which owes its transportation and development to the Mediterranean Sea to the nearby river and therefore to fertile lands around it.
Aspendos is world-renowned for its magnificent ancient amphitheater. According to Greek legend, the city was founded by Argive colonists led by the hero Mopsos, who came to Pamphylia after the Trojan War.
Historians say that the Greek side won the battle between the Greeks and the Persians in 467 BC, called the Battle of Eurymedon, on the banks of the river that flowed near the city. Aspendos tried to resist Alexander the Great by fraudulent means but eventually surrendered and accepted the tax debt in exchange for famous horses and gold bred in the city. The brightest period of the city, which came under Ptolemaios rule after the death of Alexander, was undoubtedly the Roman Imperial period when famous theaters and waterways were built. The most important export product that sustains the city economy is the salt obtained from nearby Lake Kapria, which is dried today and used in cotton farming. Salt, which was sent to other Mediterranean markets through the accessible river along with other export products, was the most important source of income in the city. Mustafa Kemal Ataturk visited this place in 1930 and gave instructions for "repair and reuse".